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Narayaneeyam Dasakam 1 to 100: A Complete Guide with Sanskrit Text, Transliteration in Various Languages, and Audio


Narayaneeyam: A Summary of Bhagavata Purana in Sanskrit




Narayaneeyam is a devotional Sanskrit work, in the form of a poetical hymn, consisting of 1036 verses (called 'slokas' in Sanskrit). It was written by Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri, (15601666 AD) one of the celebrated Sanskrit poets in Kerala. It is a summary study of the Bhāgavata Purana, one of the 18 major Puranas, which describes the various incarnations and leelas (divine play) of Lord Vishnu, the supreme God in Hinduism.


Introduction




Narayana Bhattathiri was born as the second son in a Namboodiri family of Kerala. He mastered the Vedas as well as the art of literary composition. As per the custom of those days, he married the daughter of Sri Achyutha Pisharodi, who was his teacher as well as his father-in-law. When Pisharodi was suffering from rheumatism, Bhattathiri prayed to God and got the disease transferred to him. This disease was very severe in his case and he suffered a lot.




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When he consulted Thunchathu Ezhuthachan, who was a great writer and translator of Ramayanam, he advised him to write touching (starting) from the fish. Bhattathiri understood that this meant that he had to write starting from the fish incarnation of Lord Vishnu. He then went to Guruvayur, a famous temple town in Kerala, where Lord Krishna is worshipped as Guruvayurappan (the Lord of Guruvayur). He started writing a summary of Bhagawatha Purana, which is considered as the most authoritative scripture on Lord Vishnu.


He wrote one chapter consisting of ten verses daily and planned to write one hundred chapters. Though he did not mention anything about his sickness and suffering in the first two chapters, the third chapter is essentially a plea by him to Lord Guruvayurappan to cure him. In one verse, he says that he may not be able to continue what he was doing. From then on, in the last verse of every chapter, he made a plea to God to cure him.


The first 36 chapters deal with various incarnations of Lord Vishnu, and chapters 37-88 deal exclusively with the story of Lord Krishna. Chapters 89-99 deal with the extolling of Vishnu as a primeval God as well as several philosophical concepts. The last chapter is a mellifluous description of the lord from head to foot. It was completed on 27-11-1587 as denoted by the last words of the last verse. It is believed that Bhattathiri was cured of his disease by the grace of Lord Guruvayurappan on the completion of Narayaneeyam.


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Structure and Content




Narayaneeyam consists of 1036 verses, divided into 100 chapters (called 'dasakas' in Sanskrit). Each chapter has 10 verses, except for the last one, which has 11 verses. The verses are composed in a variety of Sanskrit metres, such as Anushtup, Sardulavikriditam, Vasantatilaka, Mandakranta, etc. The verses are rich in poetic imagery, similes, metaphors, and alliterations.


The following table shows the main themes and topics covered in each chapter of Narayaneeyam:



Chapter


Theme/Topic


1-36


The various incarnations of Lord Vishnu, such as Matsya (fish), Kurma (tortoise), Varaha (boar), Narasimha (man-lion), Vamana (dwarf), Parashurama (warrior-sage), Rama (prince), Balarama (brother of Krishna), Buddha (enlightened one), and Kalki (future saviour).


37-88


The story of Lord Krishna, from his birth to his departure from this world. It includes his childhood leelas (such as killing demons like Putana and Kamsa, stealing butter and playing with gopis), his youth leelas (such as lifting Govardhana hill, subduing Kaliya serpent, and performing Rasaleela with Radha and gopis), his role in Mahabharata war (such as delivering Bhagavad Gita to Arjuna and protecting Pandavas from various dangers), and his final leelas (such as instructing Uddhava and leaving his mortal body).


89-99


The extolling of Vishnu as a primeval God as well as several philosophical concepts. It includes the description of Vishnu's cosmic form (Vishwarupa), his supreme abode (Vaikuntha), his eternal consort (Lakshmi), his four-armed form (Chaturbhuja), his six attributes (Shadguna), his relation to Brahma and Shiva (Trimurti), his manifestation as sound (Om), his grace and compassion (Karunya), his control over destiny (Daiva), and his identity with the individual soul (Jivatma).


100


The mellifluous description of the lord from head to foot. It includes the praise of his face, eyes, eyebrows, nose, ears, mouth, tongue, teeth, chin, neck, chest, arms, hands, fingers, nails, waist, thighs, knees, feet, and toes. It also includes the invocation of his blessings and protection.


Meaning and Significance




Narayaneeyam conveys the essence of Bhagavata Purana in a concise and lucid manner. It captures the spirit and substance of the original text without compromising on its beauty and depth. It presents the stories and teachings of Bhagavata Purana in a logical and chronological order, making it easy to follow and comprehend. It also highlights the key messages and morals of each episode, making it relevant and applicable to the modern reader.


Narayaneeyam is a masterpiece of Sanskrit literature that showcases the poetic genius and devotional fervour of Narayana Bhattathiri. It is a sublime expression of his love and admiration for Lord Vishnu. It is also a profound exposition of the philosophy and theology of Vaishnavism, which is based on the worship of Vishnu as the supreme reality. It reveals the nature and attributes of Vishnu as the creator, preserver, and destroyer of the universe; as the source and goal of all beings; as the embodiment of truth, beauty, and goodness; as the bestower of grace and liberation; and as the ultimate object of devotion.


Benefits and Miracles




Narayaneeyam is not only a literary work but also a spiritual practice that can confer various benefits and miracles to those who recite or listen to it with faith and devotion. It is believed that Narayaneeyam can cure diseases, grant boons, remove obstacles, fulfill desires, enhance prosperity, increase knowledge, improve character, purify mind, elevate soul, and ultimately lead to salvation.Some of the miracles attributed to Narayaneeyam are as follows:


  • Narayana Bhattathiri himself was cured of his rheumatism by the grace of Lord Guruvayurappan after completing Narayaneeyam.



  • A devotee named Narayanan Nambudiri was cured of his leprosy by reciting Narayaneeyam in front of the idol of Guruvayurappan.



  • A devotee named Poonthanam was blessed with a son by reciting Narayaneeyam along with his wife, who was barren for a long time.



  • A devotee named Vilwamangalam Swamiyar was able to see the divine form of Lord Krishna by reciting Narayaneeyam with intense devotion.



  • A devotee named Kunjan Nambiar was able to compose beautiful and humorous verses in Malayalam by reciting Narayaneeyam with sincerity and humility.



Reciting Narayaneeyam can also enhance one's faith and devotion to Lord Krishna, who is the embodiment of love, joy, and compassion. It can fill one's heart with gratitude, admiration, and surrender to the Lord, who is the protector, friend, and guide of all. It can also inspire one to follow the path of righteousness, service, and devotion, as exemplified by the great devotees of the Lord, such as Prahlada, Dhruva, Ambarisha, Akrura, Vidura, Uddhava, etc.


Translation and Commentary




Narayaneeyam is a difficult work to understand for those who are not well-versed in Sanskrit language and literature. Therefore, it is advisable to read or listen to a translation and commentary that can explain the meaning and beauty of Naray


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